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미국괴물 저지데블 목격담과 당시 미국 상황들 번역

[United States->Korean] comment 0 Search 17 Vote 0 비추천 0 2020-12-31 21:20:52
Origin of the legend Search Youtube
Mother Leeds' 13th child Search Youtube
According to popular folklore, the Jersey Devil originated with a Pine Barrens resident named Jane Leeds, known as 'Mother Leeds'. Search Youtube
The legend states that Mother Leeds had 12 children and, after finding she was pregnant for the 13th time Search Youtube
, cursed the child in frustration, crying that the child would be the devil. Search Youtube
In 1735, Mother Leeds was in labor on a stormy night while her friends gathered around her. Search Youtube
Born as a normal child, the thirteenth child changed to a creature with hooves, a goat's head, bat wings, and a forked tail. Search Youtube
Growling and screaming, it beat everyone with its tail before flying up the chimney and heading into the pines. Search Youtube
In some versions of the tale, Mother Leeds was supposedly a witch and the child's father was the devil himself. Search Youtube
Some versions of the legend also state that there was subsequently an attempt by local clergymen to exorcise the creature from the Pine Barrens. Search Youtube
The Leeds family Search Youtube
Prior to the early 1900s, and before the series of reported sightings of the creature during 1909, Search Youtube
the Jersey Devil was referred to as the Leeds Devil or the Devil of Leeds, either in connection with the local Leeds family or the eponymous southern New Jersey town, Leeds Point. Search Youtube
'Mother Leeds' has been identified by some as Deborah Leeds, on grounds that Deborah Leeds' husband Search Youtube
Deborah and Japhet Leeds also lived in the Leeds Point section of what is now Atlantic County, New Jersey, which is commonly the location of the Jersey Devil story. Search Youtube
Brian Regal, a historian of science at Kean University, theorizes that the story of Mother Leeds, rather than being based on a single historical person Search Youtube
According to Regal, folk legends concerning these historical disputes evolved through the years and ultimately resulted in the modern popular legend of the Jersey Devil during the early 20th century. Search Youtube
Regal contends that 'colonial-era political intrigue' involving early New Jersey politicians, Benjamin Franklin Search Youtube
, and Franklin's rival almanac publisher Daniel Leeds (1651–1720) resulted in the Leeds family being described as 'monsters' Search Youtube
, and it was Daniel Leeds' negative description as the 'Leeds Devil', rather than any actual creature, that created the later legend of the Jersey Devil. Search Youtube
Much like the Mother Leeds of the Jersey Devil myth, Daniel Leeds' third wife had given birth to nine children, a large number of children even for the time. Search Youtube
Leeds' second wife and first daughter had both died during childbirth. Search Youtube
As a royal surveyor with strong allegiance to the British crown, Leeds had also surveyed and acquired land in the Egg Harbor area, located within the Pine Barrens. Search Youtube
The land was inherited by Leeds' sons and family and is now known as Leeds Point Search Youtube
, one of the areas in the Pine Barrens currently most associated with the Jersey Devil legend and alleged Jersey Devil sightings. Search Youtube
Starting in the 17th century, English Quakers established settlements in southern New Jersey, the region in which the Pine Barrens are located. Search Youtube
Daniel Leeds, a Quaker and a prominent person of pre-Revolution colonial southern New Jersey Search Youtube
, became ostracized by his Quaker congregation after his 1687 publication of almanacs containing astrological symbols and writings. Search Youtube
Leeds' fellow Quakers deemed the astrology in these almanacs as too 'pagan' or blasphemous Search Youtube
, and the almanacs were censored and destroyed by the local Quaker community. Search Youtube
In response to and in spite of this censorship Search Youtube
, Leeds continued to publish even more esoteric astrological Christian writings and became increasingly fascinated with Christian occultism, Christian mysticism, cosmology, demonology and angelology, and natural magic. Search Youtube
In the 1690s, after his almanacs and writings were further censored as blasphemous or heretical by the Philadelphia Quaker Meeting Search Youtube
, Leeds continued to dispute with the Quaker community, converting to Anglicanism and publishing anti-Quaker tracts criticizing Quaker theology and accusing Quakers of being anti-monarchists. Search Youtube
The Leeds family crest depicted a wyvern, a bat-winged dragon-like legendary creature that stands upright on two clawed feet. Search Youtube
Regal notes that, by the late 1700s and early 1800s, the 'Leeds Devil' had become a legendary monster or ghost story in the southern New Jersey area. Search Youtube
Into the early to mid-19th century, stories continued to circulate in southern New Jersey of the Leeds Devil, a 'monster wandering the Pine Barrens'. Search Youtube
An oral tradition of 'Leeds Devil' monster/ghost stories subsequently became established in the Pine Barrens area. Search Youtube
Although the 'Leeds Devil' legend has apparently existed since the 18th century, Regal states that the more modern depiction of the Jersey Devil, as well as the now pervasive 'Jersey Devil' name, first became truly standardized in current form during the early 20th century: Search Youtube
References to the 'Jersey Devil' do not appear in newspapers or other printed material until the twentieth century. Search Youtube
The first major flap came in 1909. Search Youtube
It is from these sightings that the popular image of the creature—batlike wings, horse head, claws, and general air of a dragon—became standardized. Search Youtube
Indeed, many references to a 'Leeds Devil' or 'Devil of Leeds' appear in earlier printed material prior to the widespread usage of the 'Jersey Devil' name. Search Youtube
During 1859, the Atlantic Monthly published an article detailing the Leeds Devil folk tales popular among Pine Barren residents (or 'pine rats'.) Search Youtube
A newspaper from 1887 describes sightings of a winged creature, referred to as 'the Devil of Leeds', allegedly spotted near the Pine Barrens and well known among the local populace of Burlington County, New Jersey: Search Youtube
Whenever he went near it, it would give a most unearthly yell that frightened the dogs. Search Youtube
It whipped at every dog on the place. Search Youtube
'That thing,' said the colonel, 'is not a bird nor an animal, but it is the Leeds devil, according to the description, and it was born over in Evasham, Burlington county, a hundred years ago. Search Youtube
There is no mistake about it. Search Youtube
I never saw the horrible critter myself, but I can remember well when it was roaming around in Evasham woods fifty years ago, and when it was hunted by men and dogs and shot at by the best marksmen there were in all South Jersey, but could not be killed. Search Youtube
There isn't a family in Burlington or any of the adjoining counties that does not know of the Leeds devil, and it was the bugaboo to frighten children with when I was a boy. Search Youtube
Reported encounters Search Youtube
There have been many claims of sightings and occurrences involving the Jersey Devil. Search Youtube
According to legend, while visiting the Hanover Mill Works to inspect his cannonballs being forged, Commodore Stephen Decatur sighted a flying creature and fired a cannonball directly upon it, to no effect. Search Youtube
Joseph Bonaparte, elder brother of Napoleon, is also claimed to have seen the Jersey Devil while hunting on his Bordentown estate about 1820. Search Youtube
During 1840, the Jersey Devil was blamed for several livestock killings. Search Youtube
Similar attacks were reported during 1841, accompanied by tracks and screams. Search Youtube
In Greenwich during December 1925, a local farmer shot an unidentified animal as it attempted to steal his chickens, and then photographed the corpse. Search Youtube
Afterward, he claimed that none of 100 people he showed it to could identify it. Search Youtube
On July 27, 1937, an unknown animal 'with red eyes' seen by residents of Downingtown, Pennsylvania was compared to the Jersey Devil by a reporter for the Pennsylvania Bulletin of July 28, 1937. Search Youtube
In 1951, a group of Gibbstown, New Jersey boys claimed to have seen a 'monster' matching the Devil's description and claims of a corpse matching the Jersey Devil's description arose in 1957. Search Youtube
During 1960, tracks and noises heard near Mays Landing were claimed to be from the Jersey Devil. Search Youtube
During the same year the merchants around Camden offered a $10,000 reward for the capture of the Jersey Devil, even offering to build a private zoo to house the creature if it was captured. Search Youtube
Sightings of 1909 Search Youtube
During the week of January 16 through 23, 1909, newspapers of the time published hundreds of claimed encounters with the Jersey Devil from all over the state. Search Youtube
Among alleged encounters publicized that week were claims the creature 'attacked' a trolley car in Haddon Heights and a social club in Camden. Search Youtube
Police in Camden and Bristol, Pennsylvania supposedly fired on the creature to no effect. Search Youtube
Other reports initially concerned unidentified footprints in the snow, but soon sightings of creatures resembling the Jersey Devil were being reported throughout South Jersey and as far away as Delaware and western Maryland. Search Youtube
The widespread newspaper coverage created fear throughout the Delaware Valley prompting a number of schools to close and workers to stay home. Search Youtube
Vigilante groups and groups of hunters roamed the pines and countrysides in search of the Devil. Search Youtube
During this period, it is rumored that the Philadelphia Zoo posted a $10,000 reward for the creature. Search Youtube
The offer prompted a variety of hoaxes, including a kangaroo equipped with artificial claws and bat wings. Search Youtube
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위키피디아 참조 : https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jersey_Devil



Origin of the legend
전설의 기원 ( origin : 기원, 출신 )

Mother Leeds' 13th child
리즈 라는 여자 어머니의 13번째 자식

According to popular folklore, the Jersey Devil originated with a Pine Barrens resident named Jane Leeds, known as "Mother Leeds".
대중들에게 알려진바에 따르면 , 저지 데빌은 "마더 리즈"로 알려진 제인 리즈라는 이름의 파인 배런스 주민에서 유래되었다고 합니다. ( popular : 대중의 / folklore : 민속 / originate : 유래하다, 비롯되다 / )

The legend states that Mother Leeds had 12 children and, after finding she was pregnant for the 13th time
전설에 의하면 어머니 리즈는 12명의 아이를 가졌고, 13번째로 임신한 것을 발견한 후에 ( state : [여기서의 뜻] 명시하다 , 진술하다  / pregnant  : 임신한  / time : 번[횟수] )

, cursed the child in frustration, crying that the child would be the devil.
, 아이가 악마가 될 것이라고 울면서 좌절감에 아이를 저주했습니다. ( curse : 저주하다 / frustration : 좌절감 , 콤마 crying that :~라고 울면서 [삽입부사구] )

In 1735, Mother Leeds was in labor on a stormy night while her friends gathered around her.
1735년, 어머니 리즈는 폭풍우가 몰아치는 밤에 그녀의 친구들이 그녀 주위에 모여 있는 동안 진통을 겪고 있었다. ( labor : 진통, 고심, 수고 , 노동 / gather around : ~의 주위에 모이다 /stormy :폭풍우가 몰아치는 )

Born as a normal child, the thirteenth child changed to a creature with hooves, a goat's head, bat wings, and a forked tail.
보통 아이로 태어난 13번째 아이는 발굽, 염소 머리, 박쥐 날개, 그리고 갈퀴가 달린 꼬리를 가진 생물로 바뀌었습니다. ( born : bear의 과거분사 = 태어난 / hooves: hoof(발굽)의 복수형 / goat :염소 / bat :박쥐 / forked : 한쪽끝이 두갈래인 )

Growling and screaming, it beat everyone with its tail before flying up the chimney and heading into the pines.
으르렁거리며 소리를 지르며, 그것은 굴뚝 위로 날아올라 소나무들 속으로 가기 전에 꼬리를 가지고 모두를 때렸다. ( beat : 때리다 / chimney : 굴뚝 )

In some versions of the tale, Mother Leeds was supposedly a witch and the child's father was the devil himself.
이 이야기의 일부 버전에서는, 어머니 리즈 는 아마 마녀였고 아이의 아버지는 악마 자신이었습니다. (supposedly  : 아마 / witch : 마녀 / himself : 자신 )

Some versions of the legend also state that there was subsequently an attempt by local clergymen to exorcise the creature from the Pine Barrens.
전설의 일부 버전은 그뒤에 또한 지역 성직자들이 파인 배런스에서 생물을 쫓아 내려는 시도가 있었다고 말합니다. ( state : 진술하다 , 말하다 /subsequently : 그 뒤에 / attempt :시도 / clergymen :남자성직자 / exorcise : 내쫓다 , 구마하다, 정화하다 /

The Leeds family
리즈 가문

Prior to the early 1900s, and before the series of reported sightings of the creature during 1909,
1900년대 초이전, 그리고 1909년도 동안 그 생물의 연속 보고된 목격들 이전에, ( Prior : ~전의 / series : 연속 , 연쇄 / report: 알리다, 발표하다 )

the Jersey Devil was referred to as the Leeds Devil or the Devil of Leeds, either in connection with the local Leeds family or the eponymous southern New Jersey town, Leeds Point.
저지 데빌은 지역의 리즈 가문 또는 동명의 남부 뉴저지 도시인 리즈 포인트와 관련하여 리즈 데빌 또는 리즈의 데빌로 불렸다. ( refer : 부르다, 언급하다 , 참고하다 , 인용하다 / either : ~나~, 어느 하나의 / connection: 관련성 /  southern : 남쪽의 / the eponymous : 동명의 , 동일한 이름의  )

"Mother Leeds" has been identified by some as Deborah Leeds, on grounds that Deborah Leeds' husband
"Mother Leeds"는 Deborah Leeds의 남편 인 Japhet Leeds가 1736 년에 그가 쓴 유언장에서 12 명의 자녀를 지명했다는 근거에 근거하여 Deborah Leeds로 식별되었습니다. 이는 전설과 일치합니다. ( on grounds : ~의 근거로 / name : 이름을대다, 지명하다 / will : 유언장 / compatible : 호환이되는 , 일치하는  )

Deborah and Japhet Leeds also lived in the Leeds Point section of what is now Atlantic County, New Jersey, which is commonly the location of the Jersey Devil story.
Deborah와 Japhet Leeds는 또한 현재 뉴저지 주 애틀랜틱 카운티의 리즈 포인트 구역에 살았으며, 이는 일반적으로 Jersey Devil 이야기의 위치입니다. ( commonly  :일반적으로 )

Brian Regal, a historian of science at Kean University, theorizes that the story of Mother Leeds, rather than being based on a single historical person
킨 대학의 과학사학자 브라이언 리걸은 마더 리즈에 관한 이야기가 역사적 인물 한 사람에 기반을 두고 있는 것이 아니라, 그 지역 주민들 사이에서 민담과 가십의 주제가 된 식민지 남부 뉴저지 종교 정치 논쟁에서 비롯되었다고 이론화한다.. ( historian : 사학자 / theorize: 이론을 제시하다 / rather than : ~보다는 / being  : 존재 / colonial : 식민지의 / religio-political : 종교 정치 / dispute : 분쟁, 논란 / subject : 주제 / folklore : 민속,전통문화 / gossip : 소문 / population: 주민 )

According to Regal, folk legends concerning these historical disputes evolved through the years and ultimately resulted in the modern popular legend of the Jersey Devil during the early 20th century.
Regal에 따르면, 이러한 역사적 논란에 관한 민속 전설은 수년에 걸쳐 진화했고 결과적으로 20세기 초에 Jersey Devil의 현대 인기 있는 전설이 탄생하게 되었다고 말합니다. ( According : ~에 따라서 / folk : 민간의 / concerning : ~에 관한 / dispute: 논란,분쟁 / evolve : 발달하다,진화하다 / ultimately : 결국,궁극적으로 /  result : 발생하다  / during : ~에 )

Regal contends that "colonial-era political intrigue" involving early New Jersey politicians, Benjamin Franklin
리갈은 초기 뉴저지 정치인 벤자민 프랭클린과 관련된 "식민지 시대의 정치적 음모"라고 주장합니다. ( colonial : 식민지의 / era : 시대 / political : 정치적인 / intrigue: 음모 / involving : ~와 관련된 / involve : 수반하다, 관련시키다, 참여시키다 )

, and Franklin's rival almanac publisher Daniel Leeds (1651–1720) resulted in the Leeds family being described as "monsters"
, 그리고 프랭클린의 라이벌 연감 출판사 Daniel Leeds (1651–1720)는 Leeds 가족을 "괴물"로 묘사하는 결과를 낳았다. ( almanac : 연감 [ 한 해 동안 일어난 경과 ] / result : 발생하다 / describe : 말하다, 묘사하다 )

, and it was Daniel Leeds' negative description as the "Leeds Devil", rather than any actual creature, that created the later legend of the Jersey Devil.
그리고 다니엘 리즈가 "리즈 데빌"이라고 부정적인 표현을 한 것은 실제 생물이 아닌 "리즈 데빌"이라고 한 것이 후에 저지 데빌의 전설을 만들어낸 것이다. (  rather than  : ~보다는 / actual : 실제의 )

Much like the Mother Leeds of the Jersey Devil myth, Daniel Leeds' third wife had given birth to nine children, a large number of children even for the time.
뉴저지 데빌 신화의 마더 리즈처럼 다니엘 리즈의 세 번째 아내는 9명의 아이를 낳았는데, 그 당시만 해도 많은 아이를 낳았다. ( myth : 신화 / even for the time : 그 당시만 해도  / give birth to : ~을 낳다 )

Leeds' second wife and first daughter had both died during childbirth.
리즈의 두 번째 아내와 첫째 딸은 둘다 출산 중에 사망했다. ( both : 둘 다 / childbirth: 출산,분만 )

As a royal surveyor with strong allegiance to the British crown, Leeds had also surveyed and acquired land in the Egg Harbor area, located within the Pine Barrens.
영국 왕실에 대한 강한 충성을 가진 왕실 측량사인 리즈는 또한 파인 배런스 땅에 위치한 에그 하버 지역의 토지를 조사하고 인수했습니다. ( surveyor :측량사, [부동산]감정인 / royal : 국왕의 / allegiance : 충성 / survey : 조사하다 / acquire : 습득하다, 획득하다 )

The land was inherited by Leeds' sons and family and is now known as Leeds Point
이 땅은 리즈의 아들과 가족이 물려 받아 현재 리즈 포인트로 알려져 있습니다. ( inherit : 상속받다 )

, one of the areas in the Pine Barrens currently most associated with the Jersey Devil legend and alleged Jersey Devil sightings.
현재 저지 데블의 전설과 저지 데블의 목격담과 가장 관련이 있는 지역 중 하나입니다. ( alleged : 주장하는 , 주장된 )

Starting in the 17th century, English Quakers established settlements in southern New Jersey, the region in which the Pine Barrens are located.
17세기부터, 잉글리시 퀘이커스는 파인 배런이 있는 지역인 남부 뉴저지에 정착촌을 설립하기 시작했습니다. ( southern : 남부의 / settlement: 정착지 )

Daniel Leeds, a Quaker and a prominent person of pre-Revolution colonial southern New Jersey
퀘이커교도 이자 혁명 이전 식민지 남부 뉴저지의 저명한 인물 인 Daniel Leeds , ( prominent : 유명한, 저명한 / pre-Revolution : 혁명이전의 )

, became ostracized by his Quaker congregation after his 1687 publication of almanacs containing astrological symbols and writings.
, 그의 1687 년 점성술 기호와 글이 포함 된 연감을 출판 한 후 퀘이커 회중에 의해 배교당했습니다.(ostracize : 외면하다, 배척하다 / congregation : 신자들 / publication : 출판물 / almanac : 연감 / astrological : 점성술의 / symbol: 상징 )

Leeds' fellow Quakers deemed the astrology in these almanacs as too "pagan" or blasphemous
리즈의 동료 퀘이커 교도들은 이 연감의 점성술이 너무 "이교도"또는 신성 모독이라고 생각했습니다.(deem : ~으로 여기다 / astrology : 점성술 / pagan : 이교도 / blasphemous: 불경스러운 , 신성모독의 )

, and the almanacs were censored and destroyed by the local Quaker community.
그리고 그 연감들은 지역 퀘이커 커뮤니티에 의해 검열되고 파괴되었다.( censor : 검열하다 )

In response to and in spite of this censorship
이러한 검열에 대항하여 이러한 검열에도 불구하고 ( In response to: ~에 응하여 / in spite of : ~에도 불구하고 / censorship :검열 )

, Leeds continued to publish even more esoteric astrological Christian writings and became increasingly fascinated with Christian occultism, Christian mysticism, cosmology, demonology and angelology, and natural magic.
, Leeds는 훨씬 더 밀교적인 점성술 기독교 저술을 계속 출판했으며 기독교 신비주의, 기독교 신비주의, 우주론, 악마 학 및 천사 학, 자연 마술에 점점 더 매료되었습니다. ( continue : 계속하다 / publish : 출판하다 / esoteric : 소수만 이해하는, 밀교적인 / fascinated : 마음을 빼앗긴, 매료된 / occultism: 신비주의 / mysticism: 신비주의 / cosmology: 우주론 / demonology : 귀신한, 악마연구 / angelology: 천사론 / 자연 마법)

In the 1690s, after his almanacs and writings were further censored as blasphemous or heretical by the Philadelphia Quaker Meeting
1690년대, 그의 연감과 글들이 필라델피아 퀘이커 회의에 의해 신성모독 또는 이단적인 것이라고 추가로 검열 된 후 ( almanac : 연감 / further : 추가로 , 더/ censor : 검열하다 / blasphemous : 불경스러운 / heretical : 이교의 )

, Leeds continued to dispute with the Quaker community, converting to Anglicanism and publishing anti-Quaker tracts criticizing Quaker theology and accusing Quakers of being anti-monarchists.
리즈는 퀘이커 공동체와의 논쟁을 계속하여 성공회교로 개종하고 퀘이커 신학을 비판하고 퀘이커 신학을 반 군주주의자라고 비난하는 반 퀘이커를 출판했다. ( dispute : 논쟁하다 / convert : 개종하다, 전향하다 / Anglicanism : 성공회인 ,영국국교회인 /  publish : 출판하다 / tracts : 글 / criticize : 비판하다 / accuse : 고발하다 / monarchist : 군주제 지지자 )

The Leeds family crest depicted a wyvern, a bat-winged dragon-like legendary creature that stands upright on two clawed feet.
리즈 가족의 문장[가문의상징]은 두 개의 발톱으로 똑바로 서 있는 박쥐 날개가 달린 용과 같은 전설적인 생물인 와이번을 묘사하고 있다. ( crest : 문장[가문의상징] / depict : 묘사하다 , 그리다 / wyvern: 비룡 / legendary : 전설적인 / upright : 수직으로 서있는 / clawed : 발톱을 가진 )

Regal notes that, by the late 1700s and early 1800s, the "Leeds Devil" had become a legendary monster or ghost story in the southern New Jersey area.
Regal은 1700 년대 후반과 1800 년대 초까지 "리즈 데빌"이 남부 뉴저지 지역에서 전설적인 괴물이나 유령 이야기가되었다고 말합니다.

Into the early to mid-19th century, stories continued to circulate in southern New Jersey of the Leeds Devil, a "monster wandering the Pine Barrens".
19세기 초중반까지, "파인 배런스를 방황하는 괴물"인 리즈 데빌의 남부 뉴저지에서는 이야기가 계속 돌았습니다. ( circulate : [이야기가]돌다, 유포되다 / wander : 거닐다, 돌아다니다 )

An oral tradition of "Leeds Devil" monster/ghost stories subsequently became established in the Pine Barrens area.
그후 "Leeds Devil"괴물 / 유령 이야기의 구전 전통이 Pine Barrens 지역에서 확립되었습니다. ( oral : 입의 /  tradition : 전통 / subsequently : 나중에, 그 뒤에 )

Although the "Leeds Devil" legend has apparently existed since the 18th century, Regal states that the more modern depiction of the Jersey Devil, as well as the now pervasive "Jersey Devil" name, first became truly standardized in current form during the early 20th century:
"리즈 데빌"의 전설은 듣자하니 18세기부터 존재해왔다고 하지만, 리갈은 저지 데빌의 현대적 묘사뿐만 아니라 현재 널리 퍼지고 있는 "저지 데빌"이라는 명칭도 20세기 초에 현재의 형태로 처음으로 정확히 표준화되었다고 말한다. ( apparently : 듣자하니 / state : 명시하다, 진술하다 / depiction : 묘사 , 서술 / pervasive :만연하는 / as well as : ~에 더하여, 게다가 / standardize : 표준화하다 )

References to the 'Jersey Devil' do not appear in newspapers or other printed material until the twentieth century.
'저지 데빌'에 대한 언급은 20세기까지 신문이나 다른 인쇄물에 나타나지 않는다. ( Reference : 언급 / material : 직물 , 천 / century : 세기 )

The first major flap came in 1909.
첫번째 큰 flap 은 1909년에 나왔습니다.

It is from these sightings that the popular image of the creature—batlike wings, horse head, claws, and general air of a dragon—became standardized.
그것은 그 생물체에 대한 대중의 이미지 (박쥐 모양의 날개, 말 머리, 발톱들, 발톱 및 일반적인 용의 분위기) 로부터 표준화 되었습니다. ( general : 대체적인 ,일반적인 / air : 분위기 )

Indeed, many references to a "Leeds Devil" or "Devil of Leeds" appear in earlier printed material prior to the widespread usage of the "Jersey Devil" name.
사실, "리즈 데빌" 또는 "레즈 데빌"에 대한 많은 언급들이 "저지 데빌"이라는 이름이 널리 사용되기 전에 이전의 인쇄물에 나타나 있다. ( earlier : 더 일찍, 더 이전의 / widespread  : 널리퍼진 / prior : ~전의 / usage : 사용 )

During 1859, the Atlantic Monthly published an article detailing the Leeds Devil folk tales popular among Pine Barren residents (or "pine rats".)
1859년 에, 애틀랜틱 월간지는 파인 배런 거주민들 사이에 인기 있는 리즈 데빌 민속 이야기를 자세히 설명하는 기사를 실었다. ( Monthly : 월간지 / detail : 상세히 알리다 / article :기사 /  folk : 민속의 / tale : 이야기 / popular : 인기있는 )

A newspaper from 1887 describes sightings of a winged creature, referred to as "the Devil of Leeds", allegedly spotted near the Pine Barrens and well known among the local populace of Burlington County, New Jersey:
1887년의 한 신문은 리드 데블 로 알려진 파인배런스 근처에서 발견되었다고 주장되고 불링턴시와 뉴저지에 잘 알려진 날개달린 생물에 대한 목격담을 설명하고있다, ( referred to : ~을 나타내다 / allegedly : 이른바 / spot : 발견하다, 찾다 / populace : 대중들 / referred to as "the Devil of Leeds": 리즈 데블 이라고 일컬어지는 / referred to as: ~라고 일컬어지는 / allegedly : 주장한 바에 의하면 )

Whenever he went near it, it would give a most unearthly yell that frightened the dogs.
그가 그것의 근처에 갈 때마다, 개들을 놀라게 하는 아주 터무니없는 고함을 질렀습니다.( unearthly : 섬뜩한 / yell : 고함 /  frighten : 겁먹게 만들다 )

It whipped at every dog on the place.
그 소리는 그 곳의 모든 개들을 때렸다. (Whip :채찍질하다 )

"That thing," said the colonel, "is not a bird nor an animal, but it is the Leeds devil, according to the description, and it was born over in Evasham, Burlington county, a hundred years ago.
대령은 "그것은 새도 동물도 아니지만 설명에 따르면 리즈 악마이며 100 년 전 벌링턴 카운티의 에바 샴에서 태어났다"고 말했다.

There is no mistake about it.
그것은 틀림없다.

I never saw the horrible critter myself, but I can remember well when it was roaming around in Evasham woods fifty years ago, and when it was hunted by men and dogs and shot at by the best marksmen there were in all South Jersey, but could not be killed.
나는 끔찍한 동물을 직접 본 적이 없지만 50 년 전 그것이 에바샴 숲을 돌아 다녔을 때, 그것이 남자와 개에 의해 사냥되고 모든 사우스 저지에있는 최고의 사수들에게 총을 맞았지만 죽지 않았던 것을 잘 기억할 수 있습니다. ( critter : 생물 / myself : 직접 / roam : 배회하다, 천천히 훑다 / marksman : 명사수  )

There isn't a family in Burlington or any of the adjoining counties that does not know of the Leeds devil, and it was the bugaboo to frighten children with when I was a boy.
벌링턴이나 인근 카운티에는 리즈 데빌에 대해 모르는 가족이 없습니다. 그리고 그것은 제가 어렸을 때 아이들을 놀라게 하는 무서운것 이였습니다. ( adjoining : 부근의,인근의 / county :  자치주 / bugaboo : 두려운것 )

Reported encounters
보고된 마주침 ( encounter: 마주침 , 만남 )

There have been many claims of sightings and occurrences involving the Jersey Devil.
저지 데빌과 관련된 목격과 나타남에 대한 많은 주장들이 있어 왔다. (involve : 관련시키다 / occurrence: 나타남 / claim : 주장 )

According to legend, while visiting the Hanover Mill Works to inspect his cannonballs being forged, Commodore Stephen Decatur sighted a flying creature and fired a cannonball directly upon it, to no effect.
전설에 따르면, 위조된 대포알을 검사하기 위해 하노버 공장을 방문하던 중 스티븐 디케이터 사령관은 날아다니는 생물을 목격하고 그 위에 직접 대포알을 발사했지만 아무 효과도 없었다고 한다. ( inspect : 검사하다 / forge : 위조하다 / to no effect : to = 결과의 전치사 용법 =  I read the book to my profit.  나는 그책을 읽고 이익을 얻게 되었다. )

Joseph Bonaparte, elder brother of Napoleon, is also claimed to have seen the Jersey Devil while hunting on his Bordentown estate about 1820.
나폴레옹의 형인 조셉 보나파르트도 1820년경 보든타운에서 사냥을 하던 중 저지 데빌을 봤다고 한다.
( elder brother : 형 / estate : 사유지, 단지 )

During 1840, the Jersey Devil was blamed for several livestock killings.
1840년 동안, 저지 데빌은 몇몇 가축 살해에 대해 비난을 받았다. ( was blamed for : ~로 비난받다 /  several : 몇몇 / livestock : 가축 )

Similar attacks were reported during 1841, accompanied by tracks and screams.
비슷한 공격이 1841년도 동안 보고되었고, 흔적과 비명이 동반되었다. ( accompany : 동반하다 , 동반되다 / track : 흔적 , 발자국 / scream : 비명 )

In Greenwich during December 1925, a local farmer shot an unidentified animal as it attempted to steal his chickens, and then photographed the corpse.
1925년 12월 그리니치에서는 한 지역 농부가 닭을 훔치려던 정체불명의 동물을 총으로 쏘고 시체를 촬영했다. ( unidentified : 정체불명의 / attempt : 시도하다 / steal : 도둑질하다 / photograph : ~의 사진을 찍다 /  corpse : 시체 )

Afterward, he claimed that none of 100 people he showed it to could identify it.
그 후, 그는 그가 그것을 보여 준 100명의 사람들 중 아무도 그것을 뭔지 알아볼 수 없었다고 주장했다. ( Afterward : 그 후 / identify : 식별하다 / claim : 주장하다 )

On July 27, 1937, an unknown animal "with red eyes" seen by residents of Downingtown, Pennsylvania was compared to the Jersey Devil by a reporter for the Pennsylvania Bulletin of July 28, 1937.
1937년 7월 27일, 펜실베이니아 주 다운타운의 주민들이 본 "붉은 눈을 가진" 미지의 동물은 1937년 7월 28일 펜실베이니아 뉴스 기자에 의해 저지 데블과 비교되었다. ( resident: 거주자 / Bulletin : 뉴스 단신 )

In 1951, a group of Gibbstown, New Jersey boys claimed to have seen a 'monster' matching the Devil's description and claims of a corpse matching the Jersey Devil's description arose in 1957.
1951 년, 뉴저지 주 깁스 타운 소년 그룹이 (저지) 데블 묘사와 일치하는 '괴물'을 보았다고 주장했고, 저지 데블의 묘사와 일치하는 시체에 대한 주장이 1957 년에 발생했습니다. ( corpse : 시체 /  arose : 발생하다 = arise 의 과거 )

During 1960, tracks and noises heard near Mays Landing were claimed to be from the Jersey Devil.
1960 년에 Mays Landing 근처에서 들리는 흔적과 소음은 저지 데블 에게서 나온 것이라고 주장되었습니다. ( track : 흔적,발자국 /  noise 소음 / heard : hear 의 과거분사 /

During the same year the merchants around Camden offered a $10,000 reward for the capture of the Jersey Devil, even offering to build a private zoo to house the creature if it was captured.
같은 해 캠든 주변의 상인들은 저지 데빌을 포획한 데 대해 1만 달러의 현상금을 내걸었고, 심지어 포획되었을 경우 이 동물을 수용하기 위한 개인 동물원을 만들겠다고 제안하기도 했다. ( merchant : 상인 / offer : 제안하다 / reward : 보상금 / house : 살곳을주다, 보관하다 / capture : 포획하다 )

Sightings of 1909
1909년 목격

During the week of January 16 through 23, 1909, newspapers of the time published hundreds of claimed encounters with the Jersey Devil from all over the state.
1909년 1월 16일부터 23일까지 일주일 동안, 그 당시의 신문들은 미국 전역에서 주장된 수백 건의 저지 데빌과 마주침을 발표했습니다. ( through : ~부터 ~까지 / the time : 그당시 / encounter : 마주침 / state : 국가 )

Among alleged encounters publicized that week were claims the creature "attacked" a trolley car in Haddon Heights and a social club in Camden.
그 주에 발표된 주장하는 마주침들 중에는 이 괴물이 하돈 하이츠의 카트차와 캠던의 사교클럽을 "공격"했다고 주장했다. ( publicized : 공개된,발표된 , publicize: 공개하다 / encounter : 만남 / alleged : 주장된 , 주장하는 / claim : 주장하다 )

Police in Camden and Bristol, Pennsylvania supposedly fired on the creature to no effect.
펜실베이니아주 캠든과 브리스톨의 경찰은 이 괴물에게 추정상 총을 쐇지만 효과가 없었다. ( supposedly : 추정상 /  to no effect : to = 결과의 전치사 용법  I read the book to my profit.  나는 그책을 읽고 이익을 얻게 되었다.  I found her gone to my surprise. 나는 그녀가 가버린 것을 알고서 놀랐다. )

Other reports initially concerned unidentified footprints in the snow, but soon sightings of creatures resembling the Jersey Devil were being reported throughout South Jersey and as far away as Delaware and western Maryland.
다른 보고들은 처음에는 눈에 있는 미확인 발자국에 대해 걱정했지만, 곧 사우스 저지 주 전역과 델라웨어 와 서부 메릴랜드 만큼 멀리까지 뉴저지 데빌과 비슷한 생물들의 목격이 보고되었다. ( initially : 처음에 / concern : ~에 관한 것이다 / footprints  : 발자국 /soon : 머지않아 / resembling : ~을 닮은  / throughout : ~도처에 / as far away as : ~만큼 멀리까지 )

The widespread newspaper coverage created fear throughout the Delaware Valley prompting a number of schools to close and workers to stay home.
널리 퍼진 신문 보도는 델라웨어 계곡 전역에 공포를 불러일으켰고 많은 학교들이 문을 닫고 근로자들이 집에 머물게 유도했다. ( widespread : 널리퍼진 / coverage : [신문]보도 / fear : 공포 /  throughout : ~도처에 / prompt : 유도하다 / a number of : 다수의 = numbers of )

Vigilante groups and groups of hunters roamed the pines and countrysides in search of the Devil.
자경단원과 사냥꾼 무리는 데빌을 찾아 소나무와 시골길을 배회했다. ( roam: 배회하다, 훑다 / pine : 소나무 / countryside : 시골지역 / in search of : ~을 찾아서 )

During this period, it is rumored that the Philadelphia Zoo posted a $10,000 reward for the creature.
이 기간 동안, 필라델피아 동물원이 이 생물체에 대한 1만 달러의 상금을 게시했다는 소문이 있다. ( period : 기간 / rumore : 소문내다 )

The offer prompted a variety of hoaxes, including a kangaroo equipped with artificial claws and bat wings.
이 제안은 인공 발톱과 박쥐 날개가 달린 캥거루를 포함한 다양한 사기를 유발했다. ( offer : 제안 /  prompt : ~을 유도하다 / hoax  :거짓말 , 사기 /  equipped : ~장비를 갖춘 , ~을 설치한 /  aftificial : 인공의 / claw : 발톱  )
 

 

Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License;

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Text_of_Creative_Commons_Attribution-ShareAlike_3.0_Unported_License 


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